This page last updated April 20, 2018.



The National Space Weather Program wrote, "Space weather refers to conditions on the Sun and in the space environment that can influence the performance and reliability of space-borne and ground-based technological systems, and can endanger human life or health."1

Current Space Weather

Current Space Weather conditions update automatically, irrespective of data on the remainder of this page!

Solar X-rays:
Geomagnetic Field:


Explanation of Space Weather Indicators Seen Above

An explanation of space weather indicators appears on a separate page.

Please go to Space Weather Indicators for the explanation. It will assist your understanding of space weather.

NOAA Space Weather Scale descriptions can be found at: NOAA Space Weather Scales.

Activity Level on the Sun

April 20, 2018

VERY LOW — No flares in the past two days.


Today's Sun!


Photo Courtesy


SIDC reports the sunspot group which appeared from the behind of the East solar limb yesterday got numbered as Catania sunspot group 78 (NOAA AR 2706). This sunspot group was source of the all (low B-class), flaring activity during last 24 hours. We expect that Catania sunspot group 78 might be the source of the B-class flares and possibly also isolated C-class flare in the following 24 hours.

There were no Earth directed CMEs observed since the last report.

Solar protons remain at the background level.

The in situ observations showed sudden increase of the interplanetary magnetic field magnitude (IMF), solar wind speed, density and temperature at about 23:19 UT yesterday evening. All this indicates arrival of the shock wave, however presently it is still unclear if the shock wave will be followed by the ICME or this is a shock in the solar wind related with the expected arrival of the fast flow. The shock wave was followed by gradual increase of the solar wind speed and IMF. The fast solar wind (up to 515 km/s) and longer intervals of negative values of the Bz component of the IMF (down to -19 nT), resulted in the active to storm geomagnetic conditions reported this morning (local station at Dourbes reported K=5 and NOAA reported Kp=6).

Finally, SIDC reports the solar wind speed is presently about 480 km/s and the IMF is about 14 nT. If the solar wind speed will continue to increase and the Bz component will show longer intervals with negative values we can expect continuation of the disturbed geomagnetic conditions in the coming hours.

Now . . . let's take a little tour into the realm of: